Sutra Discussion 10/30

This week’s Sutra discussion focused on the eight limbs (or eight-limb path) of yoga. The following web page contains a nice explanation of the eight limbs:

http://www.expressionsofspirit.com/yoga/eight-limbs.htm

Here is a brief summary of the eight limbs of yoga, taken from the above web page:

———- The Eight Limbs of Yoga ———-

Yama : Universal morality

Ahimsa: compassion for all living things
Satya: commitment to truthfullness
Asteya: non-stealing (objects, ideas, another’s time)
Brahmacharya: sense control, control of sexual urges and desire; responsible sexual behavior (not necessarily celilbacy)
Aparigraha: neutralizing the desire to hoard wealth (non-greediness)

Niyama : Personal observances

Sauca: purity, cleanliness; refers to outward and inward cleanliness
Santosa: contentment; accepting what is, what we have
Tapas: disciplined use of our energy
Svadhyaya: self-study, self-inquiry, self-examination
Isvarapranidhana: celebration of the spiritual; “to lay all your actions at the feet of God”

Asanas : Body postures

The practice of moving the body into postures has benefits of improved health, strength, balance and flexibility

On a deeper level the practice of asana, which means “staying” or “abiding” in Sanskrit, is used as a tool to calm the mind and move into the inner essence of being. The challenge of poses offers the practitioner the opportunity to explore and control all aspects of their emotions, concentration, intent, faith, and unity between the physical and the ethereal body

Pranayama : Breathing exercises, and control of prana

Pranayama is the measuring, control, and directing of the breath. Pranayama controls the energy (prana) within the organism, in order to restore and maintain health. When the in-flowing breath is neutralized or joined with the out-flowing breath, then perfect relaxation and balance of body activities are realized.
Pratyahara : Control of the senses; withdrawal of the senses from external objects

Pratyahara means drawing back or retreat. The word ahara means “nourishment”; pratyahara translates as “to withdraw oneself from that which nourishes the senses.”

In yoga, the term pratyahara implies withdrawal of the senses from attachment to external objects. It can then be seen as the practice of non-attachment to sensorial distractions as we constantly return to the path of self realization and achievement of internal peace.

Dharana : Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness

Dharana means “immovable concentration of the mind”. The essential idea is to hold the concentration or focus of attention in one direction. Iyengar: “When the body has been tempered by asanas, when the mind has been refined by the fire of pranayama and when the senses have been brought under control by pratyahara, the sadhaka (seeker) reaches the sixth stage, dharana. Here he is concentrated wholly on a single point or on a task in which he is completely engrossed. The mind has to be stilled in order to achieve this state of complete absorption.”

Dhyana : Devotion, Meditation on the Divine

Dhyana means worship, or profound and abstract religious meditation. It is perfect contemplation. It involves concentration upon a point of focus with the intention of knowing the truth about it. When one focuses on the divine they become more reflective of it and they know their true nature.

Samadhi : Union with the Divine

The final step in the eight-fold path of Yoga is the attainment of Samadhi. Samadhi means “to bring together, to merge.” In the state of samadhi the body and senses are at rest, as if asleep, yet the faculty of mind and reason are alert, as if awake; one goes beyond consciousness.

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One thought on “Sutra Discussion 10/30

  1. Dipita

    I’ve found another online link of the Sutras – http://swamij.com/yoga-sutras-22629.htm (this one talks about the eight limbs.)

    Regarding the comment from last week about “does doing no harm mean always being nice?” I think/feel that the “harm” and “nice” is really the external projection but what really is important is your inward intention – that is if you are being nice to someone/something for the sake of being nice so that you may come across as “friendly, caring etc?” but inside or your inner feelings are not of friendship, caring towards that person/thing, then it’s useless. Eventually, I think the goal is to get to a place or stage where you have so much awareness in every moment that you will always do the most “truthful” thing from within and it will also happen to be the correct thing to have done externally: the external/internal will be in balance but initially, you need to work more on the inwards journey of being truthful to yourself first and then changing the external imagery/impressions. My 2 cents for what it’s worth!

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